🇩🇪 Germany has moved to stage two of its three-stage emergency gas plan as Russia appears to be turning the screw on curbing supplies. 🏭 It means Europe’s largest economy sees a high risk of long-term supply shortages. 🗣️ It will be a rocky road..
Germany has declared it is moving to the so-called "alert level" of its emergency gas plan, as reduced Russian flows exacerbate fears of a winter supply shortage.
Economy Minister Robert Habeck announced on Thursday that Germany would move to stage two of its three-stage plan. It means Europes largest economy now sees a high risk of long-term gas supply shortages.
Germany has seen a sharp fall in Russian gas supplies, prompting the country to warn that the situation is going to be "really tight in winter" without precautionary measures to prevent a supply shortage.
"We mustnt delude ourselves: cutting gas supplies is an economic attack on us by [Russian President Vladimir] Putin," Habeck said in a statement, according to a translation.
"We defend ourselves against this. But it will be a rocky road that we as a country now have to walk. Even if you dont really feel it yet: we are in a gas crisis," he added.
Habeck said gas had now become a scarce commodity and warned an extraordinary price rally could persist. "This will affect industrial production and become a major burden for many consumers. Its an external shock," Habeck said.
According to Germanys emergency gas plan, the alert level phase is triggered when there is a "disruption of gas supply or exceptionally high gas demand which results in significant deterioration of the gas supply situation occurs but the market is still able to manage that disruption or demand without the need to resort to non-market-based measures."
This phase does not call for state intervention measures. These kick in at the "emergency phase" of stage three, if the government judges that market fundamentals no longer apply.
Policymakers in Europe are currently scrambling to fill underground storage with natural gas supplies to provide households with enough fuel to keep the lights on and homes warm before the cold returns.
The EU, which receives roughly 40% of its gas via Russian pipelines, is trying to rapidly reduce its reliance on Russian hydrocarbons in response to the Kremlins months-long onslaught in Ukraine.
Germany declared the first phase of its emergency gas plan on Mach 30, roughly one month after Russias invasion of Ukraine triggered an energy crisis in Europe.
The "early warning phase" recognized that while there were no supply disruptions yet, gas suppliers were invited to advise the government as part of a crisis team. At the time, Habeck called on all gas consumers — from industry to households — to reduce their consumption as much as they could.
Alongside Italy, Austria and the Netherlands, Germany has indicated that coal-fired plants could be used to compensate for a cut in Russian gas supplies.