Having Won Syria’s War, al-Assad Is Mired in Economic Woes

Warning: graphic content A Syrian military photographer and his friend risked their lives to upload photos of thousands of tortured, dead bodies from Bashar al-Assad’s secret prisons. The images were eventually smuggled out of Syria, also at great peril.

Having Won Syria’s War, al-Assad Is Mired in Economic Woes Photo

Assad and his regime may never be prosecuted for the acts of terror he perpetrated against his own people during Syrias civil war. Scott Pelley reports on the effort to gather and maintain the evidence against Assad.

If you have children watching 60 Minutes tonight, thats usually a good thing, but this story is not for them. The images you are about to see are the honest evidence of the greatest war crimes of the 21st century. President Biden and his national security team will soon face a horror that erupted a decade ago, when many of them were in the Obama administration. March will bring the 10th anniversary of the popular uprising that began Syrias civil war. The Syrian dictator, Bashar al-Assad, has gassed the innocent, bombed hospitals and schools, and made thousands disappear. The evidence is hard to watch but it should be seen. Many risked their lives to tell this story so that — even if Assad is never arrested — he will be, forever, handcuffed to the truth. 

Syrian President Bashar al-Assad did this. These are civilians of a Damascus suburb called Ghouta. In 2013, ghouta was held by rebels so the Syrian army shelled the neighborhood with internationally banned nerve gas. 1,400 men, women and children were exterminated. Assad had chosen to meet the popular uprising against him not with diplomacy, not with war among soldiers, but with terrorism without restraint.

Stephen Rapp is helping to build cases against Assad and his regime. Rapp prosecuted war crimes in Rwanda and Sierra Leone and served as U.S. ambassador for war crimes issues for six years, until 2015. 

Stephen Rapp: Im an optimistic American. Ive seen other situations that we thought were pretty hopeless, where nobody thought thered ever be justice where we succeeded. The possibilities are there and one of the ways that we build toward that is get the solid evidence now.

Much of what he calls solid evidence was abandoned in the warzone. More than 900,000 government documents have been smuggled out and archived by the Independent Commission for International Justice and Accountability. The commission is funded, in part, by the U.S. and European Union. Stephen Rapp is the commissions chair. 

Stephen Rapp: Theres no question they lead all the way to President Assad. I mean, this is a top down, organized effort. There are documents with his name on it. Clearly he organizes this strategy. Then we see orders down through the system to pick people up. We see reports back. We see reports back about well, weve got a real problem here, there are too many corpses stacking up.

Among the corpses is Ahmad al-Musalmani, a 14-year-old who was last seen on a bus headed to his mothers funeral. His family told human rights watch that Assads military stopped the bus and found a protest song on Ahmads phone. His family next saw his face, two years later, when an image of his tortured body was smuggled out by the man concealed in the blue windbreaker. 

Caesar: Our job became solely to take photographs of the bodies of dead human beings that had been tortured to death or killed in the different intelligence branches. 

We spoke to him with the translation help of Mouaz Moustafa, of the Syrian Emergency Task Force, which works to protect civilians. Caesar had been a military photographer for 13 years. In 2011, he was ordered to make a record at morgues that received the dead from Assads secret prisons. We added a masking effect because his images are too horrific for television. The reality of what he saw, broke Caesars allegiance to the regime. To protect Caesars identity, these are his words in Moustafas voice.

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